What has darkened Charles Darwin?

The great English naturalist, the author of the famous "Evolution of Species on Natural Selection," published in 1859, owes the overwhelming majority of his ideas to a scientific journey.

This is a journey devoted to scientific observations and carried out between 1831 and 1836 aboard the Beagle. However, two researchers at Imperial College in London have found a sentence in his manuscripts that caught their attention: "... cultivating more plant varieties on the same area increases productivity." What did the creator of Darwinism say?


Darwin's source of ideas (1809-1882) was unknown for a long time, and there was no explanation for it. Recently, the journal Science published the surprising result of the investigation of the researchers of his work.

Thus, at the beginning of the 19th century, the English botanist George Sinclair established a special garden in Woburn Abbey in the southeast of England. 240 small plots were cultivated with a variety of plants (including pools).

Sinclair published his first observations in 1816 and in 1826 wrote a comprehensive study that showed: "A large community of plant species is more beneficial to plant growth than a poor ecosystem in diversity ..."

In fact, for the first time, this groundbreaking idea underlines the essential role of biodiversity in living in the natural (ecosystem) environment of plants, as well as insects and other living things.

It was, therefore, the first ecological study that the great Darwin had valued so much, but he did not mention the name of George Sinclair at all (it should be noted that the term "ecology" was first used by the German biologist Ernst Haeckel in 1866) ).

Darwinist ideas about biodiversity and its importance for the ecosystem are more relevant today than ever. Among the scientific observations and Darwin's brilliant conclusions, this particular garden at Woburn Abbey played a special role.

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