Around the border of our galaxy discovered the "impossible star"

In the halo of our Milky Way galaxy, astronomers have found out the tiny, ancient star J0023 + 0307. At first glance, it may appear that for its location and age it is a completely mediocre star. However, after learning the thing more closely, several international researchers discovered one very interesting fine detail - the object didn't have a carbon track. It really is so uncommon that the scientists who looked into it mentioned that such a superstar simply shouldn't exist. A scholarly study of researchers published in the journal Astrophysical Journal Characters.


They have uncovered another amazing feature of this object now. It proved that the celebrity has a high content of lithium. Alone, this situation is not unusual for old celebrities and it is quite common, however, relating to researchers, the thing J0023 + 0307 was shaped in the first 300 million years after the Big Bang, after the very first generation of stars started to die immediately... And here starts the oddities.

    “This primitive superstar has a higher lithium content. Which is quite possible that lithium relates to the primary lithium, which was formed following the Big Bang, ”says astronomer David Aguado of the University or college of Cambridge.

When, about 13.8 billion years back, the universe had formed, only the lightest elements formed naturally. Included in this are helium and hydrogen, as well as a really small amount of beryllium and lithium. The process where these elements are produced from the principal sea of ​​neutrons, protons, electrons, positrons, neutrinos, and photons is named the best Bang nucleosynthesis.
Heavy elements subsequently later appeared, having formed inside the first stars consuming tremendous temperature and pressure. When the first era of superstars began to pass away, these elements were tossed into space and captured by clusters of new young stars. This fact allows astronomers to quite determine age a specific star accurately. For instance, if a star will not contain a big quantity of heavy elements (celebrities with low steel content or EMP), then this is a bright indication that the celebrity was formed at the same time when there have been hardly any such chemicals in the World. The analysis J0023 + 0307 demonstrated that it includes iron one thousand times significantly less than that of our Sunlight, rendering it one of the superstars with the cheapest iron content among known stars.
Despite this situation, lithium contains as much in it as that of other kindred celebrities approximately. Which is very uncommon.

    “The lithium content in this primitive star is comparable to its quantity in other low-iron superstars situated in the halo of our galaxy. And generally, this article has a continuous value, of the content of other metals in the star regardless, ”says astronomer Jonai González Hernández of the Canary Institute of Astrophysics (Spain).

In ordinary stars, where in fact the core temperature necessary for hydrogen synthesis gets to 2.5 million degrees, lithium collapses. There were cases when bigger stars had a degree of lithium inside the colder, external layers of the atmosphere of the celebrity. However, in small, hot stars, lithium experienced never fulfilled before.
Researchers claim that the heat of ancient celebrities with low metal content is leaner than that of younger ones. It's possible that J0023 + 0307 consists of lithium, that was formed through the Big Bang nucleosynthesis. If this assumption holds true, then future research in this path will reveal the primary riddle of the Universe - the trick of its appearance.

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