What is the only country where people do not have their surnames?

Iceland is a country with 330,000 inhabitants. Oddly, people here do not have family names, and they use the patronymic (the name that they have - all the members of a family). Thus, for a son, the suffix "son" is used, and for a daughter the suffix "dottir" is used.

In Iceland, the Nordic archaic system of names is still maintained. For example, if a man calls him Gustaf, and his son Jon, he will be called Jon Gustafsson, that is, "Gustaf's son." For example, if a man calls him Gustaf, and his daughter Kristin, she will be called Kristin Gustafdottir, that is, "Gustaf's daughter."

Children unrecognized by their father automatically receive a patronymic resulting from the mother's name. In the Middle Ages, this system was also used in our country, especially in the region of Molodva where the girls were called "Amarya" or "Aioni".
What happens if there are children with the same name?

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If there are two people called Jon, who have Gustaf fathers, to distinguish them, the name of the grandfather is also used. For example Jon Gustafsson Hallsson (Jon, son of Gustaf Hallson) and Jon Gustafsson Gunnarsson (Jon, son of Gustaf Gunnarsson).
Curiosities about Iceland:

  •     Iceland has a literacy index of 100%. In other words, there is no illiterate on the island;
  •     At the same time, Iceland is the country with most writers, most of the published works and most books read per capita among all the world's states;
  •     The island country is the only NATO state without land, air or naval forces;
  •     There are no ants or snakes on the island. Scientists have no explanation for this;
  •     In Iceland there are more sheep than people. The ratio is 2.1 she per inhabitant.

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