Fossilized teeth 450,000 years old reveal the existence of a complex human evolution period

A series of teeth found in Italy are considered to be the oldest human fossils excavated in the Italian Peninsula. They show that Neanderthal's dental structure evolved 450,000 years ago Teeth provide information on a complex period of human evolution that researchers are just beginning to understand.

Clement Zanolli and colleagues at Paul Sabatier University in France analyzed the dental remains discovered at the Fontana Fanuccio site, 50 km from Rome and Visagliano. According to Phys, with nearly 450,000 years of age, the teeth are on the short list of human fossils from the Middle Pleistocene in Europe.

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By means of microtomography and detailed morphological analyzes, the authors examined the form and manner in which the dental tissues were disposed, which they then compared with the teeth of other species of hominids. They have found that the teeth are similar to those of the Neanderthals, but different from those of modern man.

In the scientific community, there have been countless debates on the identities and relationship between the Pleistocene medium-time Eurasians. The discovery of teeth similar to those of Neanderthals shows that there was an early separation of this species from that of modern man. Also, teeth are totally different from other fossil teeth found in Eurasia. This suggests that there would have been multiple population-related populations in this region.

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