How did Alexander the Great succeed in modifying the geographic structure of Tir


The city of Tir in Lebanon was founded around 2750 BC and initially consisted of two parts. Shooting exists on a separate coastal island, where Ushu is currently located.

The port city has over time been an important strategic and commercial point that has been conquered and dominated by almost all cultures in Europe. In 332 BC it was the turn of Alexander the Great to conquer him, writes WarHistoryOnline.

As he marched from Mecedonia to Egypt, all the cities he passed through fell upon his sword. When he reached Tire, he tried to occupy the city entirely. The occupation of the coastal area was not a problem for Alexander and his army, but Tira Island was a new challenge. For a long time, the scholars have tried to find out how Alexander has gained access to the islet. But a new research that includes geological discoveries and computer simulations reveals how this commander has managed to get into the island's harbor.

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Nick Marriner of the University of Aix-Marseille said in an interview that the construction of a bridge over the sea was impossible at that time, so Alexander probably chose another path.

Marriner and his team extracted ground cores from the Tiran peninsula and studied sediment beds. Detailed analyzes have shown changes in sediment that occurred due to shore activities 10,000 years ago. The information allowed specialists to build computerized models that predicted the tides and currents that existed at that time.

Also, 3,000 years ago, deforestation in the same region intensified and led to the development of agriculture. Deforestation has led to the sliding of the first sediment into the sea. The data also showed that on a certain part of the island a sandbank was created during the fall of the sea, connecting the coast with the island.

This place was exploited by Alexander and his engineers. The sand bank is about 1-2 meters under water, so Alexander's engineers decided to throw stones, wood and waste on the bench. Alexander and his army persevered, and after a seven-month siege, the commander marching at the head of his army to Tire Island. This experience helped them build a road between Pharos and the Egyptian shore.

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