Christian mythology: The Bible and Revelation


Whenever I refer to mythology, thought moves automatically to the Greco-Roman, to the northern or even to the Chinese and Indian, and thinks that Christianity has its own myths - a source of inspiration for many literary works and / or cinema.

In fact, all forms of art have embraced ideas inspired by Christian mythology, even though they have not necessarily mirrored their religious vision, but have borrowed symbolic elements from the most varied to create works, stories, compositions.

The topics addressed, which are based on the biblical and evangelical myth, are extremely numerous - it is sufficient to think of angels and demons for example, the personification of death, apocalypse, miracles, saints, the power of the cross, the Holy Grail, resurrection, inferno or paradise , to list just a few of these.

The concept of Christian mythology includes the entire matrix of stories that illustrates or prefigures values ​​adopted by the Christian religion church in its liturgical tradition and practice.

The myth of Christianity is a kind of metaphor which is given a profound symbolic and explanatory value, which makes modern liberal theological schools define its essence as "an elaborate creation, inherent in the Christian religion, which intact keeps the nucleus called" kerigma "- the biblical message or propounding the word of God - revealing Christian concepts, beliefs and values. "

But there is also a special category of stories that, although not from the canonical texts, contain many typical Christian themes, thus enrolling in the same array of creations, stating or referring directly to Christian spirituality.

An eloquent example in this respect is, for example, the legend of Saint George killing the dragon, but also certain mythological events such as the Flood.

Some mitico-literary creations capture exemplary or prefigured figures of special virtues typical of the Christian religion, engraved on a scale that was born in the Patristic era of the first Christian theologians.

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The Bible - a perennial book of unknown origins. Credibility and theories out of the ordinary

The Bible, as the sacred text of the Christian religion, made up of the two "covenants" of man with God, known as the "Old Testament" - the one concluded before the birth of Jesus - and the "New Testament" - the one that comes into force once with the presence of Messiah in the ranks of men and the birth of the apostolic church, is more than a book for believers.

Specialists have been struggling for over a century to establish an approximate date at which the first biblical texts would have been written, but the views are divided, and the polemics surrounding this topic seem to be out of bounds.

The same controversy is associated with its origins, the most popular one being that the sacred texts of the Old Testament would have been inspired directly from God's "instructions" delivered orally from generation to generation until they could be transcribed, segment by segment, in a distant past, by various authors over a long period of time.

Another version claims that the Bible would be inspired by the Sumerian culture: Italian historian and assistant Giovanni Pettinato (1934-2011), a specialist in Mesopotamian Middle Eastern languages, argues in his special works that there are unquestionable similarities between the myth of Biblical creation and some Sumerian legends, found on the clay tablets engraved more than 2,400 years before Jesus was born.

In the expert's opinion, the 70 tabulations examined contain cuneiform texts that reveal how the world arose, in a similar form to that of the Old Testament chapter of Genesis.

In parallel, there is the hypothesis that the first eleven chapters of Genesis - those from Creation and the Flood to the Tower of Babel - would have been "borrowed" from the Babylonian legends concerning the period of King Nebuchadnezzar.

The idea that the Bible would therefore constitute a kind of "plagiarism" of cultural products specific to ancient civilizations is not new - the Enlightenment philosopher Thomas Paine (1737-1809) claimed that the Bible is inspired by ancient Egyptian hieroglyphic texts and that Jesus is a literary hybrid -astrological that overlaps the figure of the Egyptian Sun God - Horus.

Moreover, Paine adopts an acid extremist theory that places the Old and New Testaments in the basket with cheap imitations:

"Christian religion is the parody of the cult of the Sun, they have put a man called Christ in the Sun's place, and adore that figure just as the Sun has loved the origins."

At the opposite pole lies the theory according to which it is natural to present in different ancient languages ​​the story of the same events, with the involvement of the same characters - the proof that everything has really happened and the small differences of name or expression occur because of the natural differences between the cultural characteristics and linguistics of the respective civilizations.

The existence of cuneiform, hieroglyphic or symbolic texts found in other ancient cultures, with reference to the Ark of the Covenant, instructions on how to build it to perform the function of a communication device with God, the Ten Commandments, life after death, and so forth of religious themes do not contradict each other, but they are the bearers of the same message, presented in different forms.

All these materials have a common denominator, characterized by supernatural, sacred and divine beliefs, and include a well-defined moral code, as well as specific rituals, doctrines, and associated values ​​that are found without exception in all their forms of presentation - for Christians , The Bible is precisely this complete framework that defines their religion.

In recent years, scientists tend to give credibility to the version according to which the Bible includes a lot of scientific conclusions described in a simplistic language, while new discoveries seem to confirm the biblical version of creation.

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