Why the Swastika became the symbol of Hitler


In his autobiographical and ideological book Mein Kampf, Hitler said that he had the brilliant idea to make the swastika a symbol of the National Socialist movement. Probably the first time a small swastika Adolf saw on the wall of a Catholic monastery near the town of Lambach. The sign of the swastika - a cross with bent ends - has been popular since ancient times. He was present on coins, household items and coats of arms from the VIII millennium BC. Swastika personified life, the sun, well-being. Hitler could see this archaic solar symbol in Vienna on the emblems of Austrian anti-Semitic organisations.

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Having baptized him with the Hackenkreuz (Hakenkreuz is translated from German as a hook-shaped cross), Hitler appropriated the glory of the discoverer, although the swastika as a political symbol in Germany appeared before him. In 1920, Hitler, who was supposed to be unprofessional and mediocre, but still an artist, allegedly independently developed the logo design of the party, which is a red flag with a white circle in the middle, in the center of which was a black swastika with predatory hooks. Red, according to the leader of the National Socialists, was chosen to imitate the Marxists. Seeing the demonstration of a hundred and twenty thousand left forces under scarlet banners, Hitler noted the active effect of bloody color on an ordinary man. In the book Mein Kampf the Führer mentioned the "great psychological significance" of symbols and their ability to powerfully influence a person.

And it was with the help of managing the emotions of the crowd that Hitler managed to introduce the ideology of his party to the masses in an unprecedented way. Adding a swastika to the red color, Adolf gave diametrically opposite meaning to the favorite color of socialists. Drawing the attention of the workers to the familiar color of the posters, Hitler seemed to "pereveresvovat" them. The red color in Hitler's interpretation embodied the idea of ​​movement, white - the sky and nationalism, hoe-shaped swastika - labor and anti-Semitic struggle of the Aryans. Creative work was mysteriously interpreted as a sign of anti-Semitism. In general, it is impossible to call Hitler the author of national-socialist symbols, contrary to his statements. He borrowed the color from the Marxists, the swastika and even the party's name (slightly rearranging the letters) - from the Viennese nationalists. The idea of ​​using symbolism is also plagiarism. It belongs to the oldest member of the party - a dentist named Friedrich Krohn, who gave a memorandum back in 1919 to the party leadership. However, in the bible of National Socialism, the book Mein Kampf, the name of the smart dentist is not mentioned.

However, Cron put different meaning in these symbols. The red color of the banner - love of the homeland, white circle - innocence for unleashing the First World War, black color of the cross - sorrow over the loss in the war. In the decipherment of Hitler, the swastika became a sign of the Aryan struggle against the "subhuman". The claws of the cross seem to be aimed at Jews, Slavs, representatives of other peoples who do not belong to the race of "blond beasts". Unfortunately, the ancient positive sign was discredited by the National Socialists. The Nuremberg Tribunal in 1946 banned Nazi ideology and symbols. A swastika hit the ban. Recently, she has been rehabilitated. Roskomnadzor, for example, in April 2015 recognized that demonstrating this sign outside the propaganda context is not an act of extremism. Although the "reprehensible past" can not be erased, today the swastika is used by some racist organizations.


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