Robots that take our place, built in Japan


The word "robot" is of glorious origin and can be translated as work or claw and also has the meaning of "rob" - a person taken in captivity and used for heavy work. Although the first robots have appeared for some years now, the passion for humanoid robots seems to gain ground every day. From the one who solves your simple tasks, execute commands and programs you give him, and up to the one who talks to lonely people, humanoid robots are refined and diversified.

Undoubtedly, robots are now part of our lives. They help us with homework, contribute to the modernization of medicine, discover more and more distant constellations. The era of computers where they could only perform routine routines based on explicit rules is over. Now, large number algorithms quickly get into recognition patterns and computers can very well replace people with more cognitive tasks that are not necessarily routine. Additionally, advanced robots have multiple senses and improved dexterity, which allows them to easily perform manual tasks. This is very likely to change the way of working in many industries and occupations.

Robot with emotions

The most recent launch on the humanoid market took place in Japan in February 2015.

The humanoid robot, named Pepper, is sold in Tokyo's SoftBank stores, and its price is 198,000 yen, about 1,900 dollars. Since 2014, customers have been able to interact with the robot and test their abilities. Pepper was created for SoftBank, the world's telecommunications giant in Japan, and for Aldebaran, a robotics company in France. It has 120 cm high and a chest tablet. His voice resembles that of a child and, in principle, Pepper can talk about anything. According to General Manager SoftBank, Masayoshi Son, this is the first robot to read people's emotions, to make jokes, to dance and sing rap. He analyzes the facial expressions, the tone of human voice and our gestures, and then reacts automatically using artificial algorithms and intelligence connected to the Internet. For the head of the company, robots will have an important role in education, medicine and entertainment, not just in industry. Masayoshi Son gave a concrete example, saying that a robot can really be important to supervise children left alone at home, but also when an earthquake occurs.

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The robot has two HD cameras in the mouth area and has a series of sensors in the eye to measure the depth of the field of vision. The head has four speakers and a touch sensor, sensors that can be found on his hands. Pepper communicates freely only in Japanese, and in French and English he knows only a few replies, although his inventors mention that he can speak 17 languages. Starting in the summer of 2015, Pepper will also be sold on the US market because several US companies have already sent three to four hundred applications.

Microschema brothers

Until now, a lot of androids, kitchen robots, or experimental robots have been created to replace humans in dangerous or inaccessible environments. However, many problems have to be solved for their realization. In 2000, ASIMO (Honda) appeared, which was initially only able to move. Gradually, manufacturers have endowed it with the ability to recognize gestures, direction of movement, language differentiation, or face recognition.

Humanities can be identified by a few specific features, such as the HRP-3 Promet MK-II, created by the Japanese, has one meter, weighs between 60-68kg, can handle the screwdrivers and works for two hours. The Toyota Partner Robot has created a "talented" robot who can carry and use various objects, can only move on flat surfaces, and the most important thing is that he knows how to play the violin. It has a height of 1.2 meters and weighs 35 kg, and the speed at which it can move is seven kilometers per hour.

Back to the Future

The Japanese also created the most human robot, a "woman" robot called Repliee Q1Expo. Covered with flexible silicone instead of leather and equipped with a large number of sensors and motors, it can move, and sometimes it seems to breathe. Shortly before, the National Institute of Advanced Science and Advanced Technologies in Japan created another "woman" - HRP 4C or Ucroa. It has a more human look and its role is to make fashion demonstrations.

Considering the recent advances in all the constituent areas of robotics, it can no longer be considered science fiction, it is a reality we carry with our pockets. Always robots with artificial intelligence offer great hopes for the future, but with them there are some great fears. Beyond technology, science or society, robots today are a major economic and financial problem as a result of the industrial revolution. In 1958, mathematician John von Neumann spoke of the fact that the acceleration of scientific and technical progress could change the world in such a way that it would no longer exist as we know it. And Moore's law estimates that in no more than three decades computers will exceed the human brain's computing power that can perform 1014 operations per second.

We accept technology, modernization and robotics because they make our lives easier or create new opportunities for relaxation and entertainment. Yet, driven by the wave of industrialization, we do not see to what extent the human brain is put on "wretched". In the era when life is focused on a tablet or smartphone, we ask, easily lost, who is actually driving.

Seven years ago I watched the cartoon "Wall-E," a film that sends us in 2700 when the Earth is covered with rubbish following the irrational activity of humanity. People left the Terra leaving behind an army of robots whose task was to make the planet live. In this avalanche of robotics, the film is also the story of a humanity that loses its identity and balance, and the main heroes, Wall-e and Eve, are trying to save the planet. Today, following the progress of scientists, we wonder whether we will get to a Disney-like reality, or enjoy the dream of the protagonists Wall-e and Eve to live on Earth populated by humanity rather than humanoids.

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