Journey to ancient Egypt

I always wanted to travel to Egypt. See the Great Pyramids on the Giza Plateau, the Sphinx, the Luxor Temples and Karnak. Get down to the Kings Valley, get up to Assuan. I've come to do this a few times and still want to come back.

For you, those who have already been there or want, we present you a journey into the ancient world of ancient Egypt. Images, video, digital reconstructions of old cities. Faces of queens and pharaohs hardly reconstructed by Egyptologists and graphic artists.

Philae Complex - the great temple-island of ancient Egypt - pictures and digital reconstruction

It is believed that this place was the last refuge of native Egyptian religion. The Philae Island Temple (Pilak means "the end", "the border") was located near the first cataract on the Nile in Upper Egypt. It probably had two islands, the site at Philae was linked to Osiris myth. Here it was believed to have been the burial site of the great god of the dead. So it became the most important pilgrimage place for Egyptians and Nubians.

The Egyptians have built this sacred site. Then the Greeks with the Ptolemy Dynasty and even the Romans.

Currently, the temple was moved due to the Aswan barrage flood in 1902. The Nubia Project of UNESCO saved this rock stone site. All the details have been moved. Below you see a real reconstruction in the smallest detail of this famous, sacred and full of history. History of ancient Egypt.

The oldest ruins belong to the 25th Dynasty called the Nubian Dynasty (8th century BC). Since then, Isis's temple has remained. Many other pharaohs have built over the next centuries. Due to its strategic position on the island, it was even a military garrison.

Philae Island was a trade center and one of the gateways to Nubia and Memphis. Granite quarries have attracted miners and stone workers. Under the reign of Nectanebo I (about 380-362 BC), the temple of Hathor and the colonnades were inaugurated.

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Egyptian mythology and pantheon of gods

Egyptian mythology was influenced by the cyclical pattern of the sun and the flood of the Nile. They enriched the soil and gave life. They played a crucial role in ancient Egypt. The sun was the symbol of life, and the Nile was the symbol of Egypt, the pulse in the desert.

The geographic center of the ancient Egyptian civilization was undoubtedly the fertile Delta delta. It was surrounded by deserted arid and dry land. They were populated by nomadic populations and robbers.

The ancient Egyptians saw sky and paradise in these lands. Reliable stability compared to surrounding territories. Order, chaos, and renewal were the themes of Egyptian mythology. Just like the land where they were born.

On the other hand, historical events have played a major role in creating and modeling mythology. Especially at the end of the Prehistoric Period - around 3100 BC This was the age when Egyptian pharaohs joined Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt. The Pharaohs were associated with divinities. They are described as sun gods. Sometimes they are reincarnations of the god of war.

Montu (god-soim) or personification of Egypt itself. Below we have a comprehensive infographic of the gods of Egypt. Cities like Theba, Heliopolis, Memphis and others have drawn the religious dogmas of the time.

Reconstruction in photoshop of Queen Nefertiti, the famous Egyptian beauty

An accidental breakthrough in 1913 led to the recreation of history. A German archaeologist Ludwig Borchardt showed us what Egyptian art meant and changed the way the ancients perceived beauty. The discovery refers to Nefertiti's bust.

Today he is in the Berlin Museum, one of the great masterpieces of the sculptor Thutmose. The opera dates back to 1345 BC Although much is known about the Egyptian queen Nefertiti, many things in life remain mysterious mysteries until today.

History, Neferneferuaten Nefertiti (circa 1370 - circa 1330 BC), was an Egyptian queen. She also held the title of Great Royal Wife. He was Akhenaten's main wife and consort. Just the one who instigated the religious revolution and the dethroning of the gods. Everything in favor of monotheism and monism. The only god. Worship of Aten (solar disc). Nefertiti's reign coincides with an unprecedented era in culture and religion.

However, it's hard to know everything about those times. Historians are still not sure of her origins. The genealogical assumptions say it is Ay's child, later proclaimed pharaoh as Kheperkheperure.

Reconstruction of the face of Nebiri, an Egyptian dignitary 3500 years ago

We could say some girls are coming back to haunt us in the past. But this magnificent reconstruction shows us the face of a dignitary in ancient Egypt. From 3500 years ago, a true look in the past. Heaven lived in the 18th Dynasty during the Pharaoh Thutmoses III (1479-1425 BC).

Heaven became famous as the first clinical case (of course died) with atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis is a blood vessel wall disorder that, over time, leads to a reduction in blood vessel diameter (through the formation of cholesterol, calcium, lipid and lipophage plates) until it clogs.

It seems that Nebiri infected around 45-60 years and was buried in the Queen's Valley (Ta-Set-Neferu in the Egyptian). As a poetic justice, the grave was robbed of it, and the remnants were intentionally destroyed by robbers. The tomb was rediscovered in 1904 and is now at the Egyptian Museum in Turin.

Egyptian Demons 4,000 years ago

An independent Belgian scholar named Wael Sherbiny rediscovered the oldest and longest ancient Egyptian manuscript. The precious document has been analyzed and it has been concluded that it is over 4000 years old. But that's not the most important discovery. He also discovered the oldest forms of demons represented in ancient Egyptian art.

Such demons have been found on sarcophagus. Today we think we know how the ancient Egyptians imagined demons and demonic entities. Both in writing and mythological representations. But it is the first time the researchers have discovered their representations.

Demons are familiar to us from ancient texts. But not their image. Drawings look like zoomorphs or anthropomorphs.

One of these demonic entities is called In-the-Heat. This demon appears on a sarcophagus like a dog-sized baboon. The name comes from the bloody activity of breaking the heads. Another demon is called Chery-benut. It looks like a human face on a strange body.

The two entities are guardians of the temples.

The royal town of Amarna was a relatively new setting if we see it from the perspective of ancient Egypt. It was built 1200 years after the Great Pyramid (circa 1346 BC).

The entire city was built from scratch at the orders of Pharaoh Amenhotep IV. Later it was known as Akhenaten. The city was halfway between Cairo and Luxor, on the eastern bank of the River Nile.

The city inspired the elites but also attracted the priests' wrath. It was dedicated to Aten, the god of the sun, proclaimed a unique god above all the gods. Such a statement has had dramatic effects on Egyptian society. And it led to the removal of the visionary pharaoh's memory. But his followers could not completely erase him from history. Like his radical thoughts, his city passed the tests of time. Amarna revolutionized Egyptian architecture. Many temples were built without a roof. This symbolically represented the worship of the sun without any oprelist. But all these temples were built with talatats (standardized bricks). Until that time it was built with huge blocks of stone.

The city attracted the attention of historians and archaeologists. Akhenaten's legacy goes on. Today we have 3D reconstructions of his work.

Torture and punishment in ancient Egypt

There were punishments in ancient Egypt. Although it has long been thought that the workers who raised the pyramids were slaves. But there were undoubtedly punishments.

For example, for the theft of animal skins, 100 whips and five wounds were offered. For a long time, he did not understand the meaning or cruelty of this punishment. But the researchers found the explanation for this disciplinary sanction.

5000 years old hieroglyphs show us the Queens of Memphis

It is believed that the Great Pyramid of Giza is almost 4600 years old. But archaeologists have discovered even older things. And just as fascinating. The first age of Egypt. And its evidence.

At a site in Wadi Ameyra in the Sinai desert, the oldest hieroglyphs were discovered. 60 hieroglyphs cut into stone. Probably the work of mining expeditions sends under the patronage of an Egyptian pharaoh. Perhaps they were meant to mark the eastern edge, the border of Egypt. But they also gave us precious information about the leaders who reigned 5000 years ago.

An example speaks of the queen called Neith-Hotep. She reigned as the regent for his son, Pharaoh Djer. Thousands of years before Hatshepsut, the famous Queen-Pharaoh. Her husband was believed to have been Narmer.

How did the Egyptians and the Nubians meet?

According to historical traditions, the Kush kingdom (led by King Piye) invaded Egypt. And so it was controlled by Egypt in the 8th century BC In fact, the old Nubian African kingdom ruled Egypt for almost a century. Until the Assyrians came. Then they spread their dominion over Egypt.

But there were older relations between northern Sudan, southern Egypt and the rest of the country. The Egyptians under the New Kingdom (circa 1532-1070 BC) showed their army supremacy over the Kerman Nubian kingdom. There have always been wars between the two sides. Colonizations, trade and common history.

Thus, archaeologists were able to analyze a tomb in the region, east of the Nile, and the buried woman had Egyptian and Nubian influences. Researchers and archaeologists have demonstrated a cultural blend. So, in northern Sudan, in 1500 BC, when the Egyptians in the New Kingdom conquered most of Nubia, there were such interferences.

Fashion of the queens of ancient Egypt

Men and women of ancient Egypt were recognized for their aesthetic sense and fashion. These were an important part of their life. Clothing, makeup and jewelery were not only used to enhance beauty. It was also used to represent the social status and class of someone.

The Egyptians were the followers of the fabric and the fabrication of the dresses. The world's oldest woven dress, called Tarkhan, is from Egypt. It dates from 3482 BC.

Historians show us that rich civilizations are the precursors of luxury and fashion. In the pictures we have such an example. A rich adorned dress usually worn by rich women in ancient Egypt. The dress was worn at the festivities. Very carefully crafted with geometric patterns, it was discovered only in 1920. It was worn by priestesses and women of the upper class.

The dress is exposed in the Petrie Museum of Egyptian Archeology in London. It was discovered in a grave of the Khufu era in Giza.

The first funerary garden in a tomb 4,000 years ago

Historians knew Egyptian tombs, but only texts and paintings. But this time archaeological evidence, physical evidence, has also been found.

There was such a rectangular garden discovered at Dra Abu el-Naga in Luxor. Here was the ancient city of Theba, the capital of the old unified kingdom.

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