5 puzzles in the history of Ancient Egypt, which no one can decipher


Although heavily researched, the history of ancient Egypt still retains many undisguised enigmas. Although this civilization left many written sources behind, researchers still know too little about it. Intentional or not, the Egyptians have left us a lot of enigmatic structures that we have not yet fully understood.

A distinct culture, the Egyptians had another vision of life and - above all - of death. Numerous sources give us clues about this mysterious culture, but many secrets are impossible to decipher at present. Here are some of them.

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1. How did Tutankhamun die?

Though he died of the young man, Tutankhamun is probably the most famous pharaoh in the history of ancient Egypt. He ascended to the throne at just 9 years and is part of the Golden Age of the Pharaohs.

He married just 7 years, with Ankesenamon, none other than his stepfather. He reigned in Egypt for only 9 years, dying at the young age of 19.

His mummy was discovered in 1925 by the team of archaeologist Howard Carter, and has since been analyzed several times.

However, no one could tell exactly what caused the pharaoh's premature death. Radiographs show that Tutankhamun was healthy and in very good shape.

He had no infection, and in this context his death was all the more inexplicable. In 2013, a team of British researchers made a documentary film, "Tutankhamun: The Mummy of the Burned Mummy."

Based on radiographs made in 1968 (duplicated by an MRI made in 2005), researchers found that Tutankhamun had multiple fractures and had a broken leg.

Based on these data, scientists have concluded that the pharaoh has most likely died in an unfortunate accident. According to National Geographic, it is quite possible that Tutankhamun was hit by a war car, a horse or even a hippopotamus.

That would explain, say scientists, multiple fractures in the ribs. Another theory was advanced by Professor Albert Zink, from the Italian Institute for Mummies.

According to Zink, based on 2,000 computed tomographies and DNA tests, Tutankhamun would have died because of the product of an incestuous relationship.

His parents were brothers, and this may have had a major impact on the pharaoh's health. Moreover, Zink claims that the war car crash is almost impossible. The main reason? He had a defect in one of his legs and could not stand without support.

Besides, 130 batons were found in Tutankhamun's tomb, which they probably use frequently. Of course, in the absence of other evidence, any theory about the cause of the pharaoh's death is merely speculation.


2. The history of ancient Egypt - the shoes in Luxor Temple

In 2004, archaeologist Angelo Sesana published an article in the Mnemonia magazine on a discovery made by his team in Egypt.

According to the article, Sesana and his team have discovered a jar, intentionally placed in the narrow space between two brick walls of a Luxor temple. There were seven pairs of shoes inside the jar.

Why were they put in the jar and why were they hiding in the temple? Nobody knows exactly. Andre Veldmeijer, an Egyptian Antic expert, examined shoe shots found by Sesana. According to the expert, it is expensive shoes made in another country.

So their former owner must have been a rich person. What could lead this man to put his shoes in a jar and then hide them in the temple? Nobody knows, and we can not but speculate.


Another mystery of these shoes is their age. They have at least 2,000 years, but without carbon dating, we can not know exactly. Unfortunately, carbon dating is almost impossible because shoes are in an advanced state of degradation.

According to Veldmeijer, before being pulled out of the jar, the shoes were in a remarkably good condition. But once they got to the light of day, their condition was seriously damaged.


3. The secret of the mummy screaming

The open-mouth mummies that seem to cry are not a rarity in the history of ancient Egypt. In fact, the Egyptians used to open the mouths of the mummified to help the spirits eat, drink and breathe in the beyond.

However, there is a mummy whose expression is more terrifying than usual. The facial expression of the mummy named by archaeologists "The Unknown Man E" shows pure agony and no one knows why.

According to National Geographic, the mummy was discovered in 1886, and the expression of her face stirred the curiosity of the scientific community. There are many theories about the identity and cause of this person's death, but none have yet been confirmed.

Some researchers believe it could be a man who died poisoned or was buried alive. Others think the man was a Hittite prince who was assassinated.

A study conducted in 2008 suggests that the mummy might be Prince Pentewere, executed because he tried to assassinate his father, Pharaoh Ramses III.

If the theory is true, it would explain how the man was buried: wrapped in sheepskin, a sign that he committed wrongs during his life. This theory could explain why the grave was not marked in any way.

According to Zahi Hawass, the secretary general of the Supreme Council of Antiquities in Egypt, this was the worst punishment in the history of ancient Egypt, because the soul could not pass into the beyond world.

Also, the body of the mysterious man was mummified superficially: it was not dehydrated, the brain was not removed from the cranial box, and the resin was poured in haste.


4. History of Ancient Egypt - where did Nefertiti disappear?

Together with Cleopatra, Nefertiti is one of the most famous pharaohs in the history of ancient Egypt. He reigned with Pharaoh Amenhotep IV until ... he disappeared. After 1336 BC, there is no document to mention it.

Historians do not know what the fate of the famous pharaoh was, and the lack of a grave makes the decipherment of the mystery even harder. Some historians assume Nefertiti would have died suddenly after an epidemic that hit Egypt.

Others believe that, in fact, Nefertiti fell into disgrace, and her name was deleted from all the documents and all the monuments of the time.

Others believe that Nefertiti would have changed his name, first in Ankhkheperure Neferneferuaten, and then in Ankhkheperure Smenkhkare, and that he would shortly rule as the sole sovereign. Unfortunately, all of this is just speculation and no one knows the fate of Nefertiti.


5. Who built the Nabta Playa stone complex?

Stonehenge is not the only circular stone complex in the world. There is a similar structure in southern Egypt. The stone circle at Nabta Playa is a group of flat stones, discovered in 1974 by a team of geologists.

According to the journal Archeology Expert, the complex is much smaller than the one at Stonehenge, but it may have been the same. However, in the absence of clear evidence, it is difficult to say what the utility of this construction was.

In a 2005 paper, astrophysicist Thomas Brophy claims that the images captured by satellites indicate that this complex would have been used for astronomical purposes.

According to theories, the way the stones were arranged, but the tombs of nearby people and animals suggest that the stone circle would have had a symbolic connection to the heavens.

It is not known exactly whether it is star, sun or any ancient god about which we know nothing. According to Brophy, the data gathered so far is very low. Moreover, it seems that the enigmatic structure is still largely buried in the sand, with only a small number of stones visible today.


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