4 secrets of Ancient Egypt discovered over the last decade

The history of ancient Egypt includes 40 centuries of development of one of the most powerful civilizations we know. Surrounded by numerous myths and legends, this civilization is hardly revealing to us, and only after long research.

Every day, archaeologists discover something new and elucidate ancient secrets, but there are others who take their place.

In this article, we present four surprising things about Ancient Egypt, which scientists have managed to discover over the past ten years.

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1. Tutankhamun's gold mask could have been for Nefertiti

In 2015, British archaeologist Nicholas Reeves proposed the theory that Tutankhamun's famous funeral mask was in fact intended for someone else.

Egyptologists believe this was the mask of Nefertiti, the mother of Tutankhamun, who reigned with Pharaoh Akhenaton, the alleged father of Tutankhamun.

Reeves' opinion is based on more evidence. First, the ears of the mask have earrings for earrings. It is known that only women and children wore earrings in Ancient Egypt.

Tutankhamun died at the age of 19, so he was no longer a child, according to weather standards. Secondly, it seems that hieroglyphics with the name of the deceased pharaoh have been inscribed over an earlier inscription.

Scientists speculate that the original inscription contained the entire name of Nefertiti, which, in translation, would mean "Beautiful are the beauties of Aten, a beautiful woman has arrived."

By the way, the original name of the pharaoh, Tutankhaton, means "Aton's live face," while "Tutankhamun" means "the living face of Amon." The change occurred when the cult of Aton was replaced by that of Amon.

Scientists say this could explain the secret of Nefertiti's tomb: the priests tried to remove and erase everything that was related to Aton.

Since Akhenaton and his beautiful wife were the main symbols of the "obsolete" god, Aton, the tomb of the two might have been hidden.

2. There could be rooms hidden in the tomb of Tutankhamun

The place where Nefertiti was buried is still unknown, but archaeologists hope they will find it. In 2015, the scientists discovered several abnormalities, which I believe might signal the existence of a hidden room in Tutankhamun's tomb.

Nicholas Reeves hypothesized that one of the rooms could shelter Nefertiti's lost grave. Doctor Reeves also assumes that Tutankhamun died unexpectedly and that there was not enough time for his tomb to be finished.

Therefore, he says, the pharaoh was buried in Nefertiti's place of worship. And there is another interesting fact: during the 18th dynasty, to which the pharaoh belonged, to go to the grave of a woman you had to turn right and to go to the grave of a man you had to go back To the left.

Tutankhamen's mortuary chamber is on the right. It is not yet known whether this theory is true or not, but scientists are still investigating the mystery of secret cameras.

3. Scientists believe they know how the stone blocks were transported to the Great Pyramid

As we know, the place where the stone blocks of Keops's pyramid were taken is 800 kilometers from Gizeh.

Thanks to the discovery of a papyrus containing the diary of an ancient Egyptian called Merer, allegedly involved in the construction of the Great Pyramid, scientists believe they have discovered the way the Egyptians managed to transport the heavy blocks of stone.

Apparently, they were transported in the Nile by a series of channels built for this purpose. Thus, they were brought as near as possible to the place of construction. Then they were rolled on special rails.

4. The mysterious murmuring mummy is the son of Ramses

Ramses II was one of the most powerful pharaohs in the New Kingdom. He was murdered by his son after 30 years of reign. The conspiracy was upset by Tiye, one of Ramses' three wives.

She wanted her son, Pentawer, to inherit the throne. Ramses's execution was extremely cruel: the killers cut him off with a blade and cut his thumb from his left foot.

The cut was so deep and large that it reached the spine. Those who embalmed him tried to hide the wound with a piece of material wrapped around Ramses' neck.

Scientists believe that the mummy screaming is Pentawer, who was executed along with other members of the conspiracy almost immediately after his father's murder.

One version of the story is that he was allowed to commit suicide, and another is that he was strangled. Pentawer's real name has been erased from the tomb so that he can not enjoy the afterlife, I think historians.

After his death, Pentawer's body was buried alongside a sheepskin. This indicates that he was unclean and that he did something detestable in his life.

The priests poured embalming fluid on his mouth without removing his organs. And yet, the open mouth of the mummy is not the result of agony from the moment of death, but an effect of time passage.

Tiye's fate is unknown. Perhaps her name was changed when she was buried and lost in the darkness of time.

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