The first cyborg in the world



He goes, he talks, he even has his heart, but he is not human. Meet Frank, the first bionic man in the world. According to the definition, a bionic man, or a cyborg, is a human being whose body has been partially or totally replaced by electromechanical components. But at Frank there is nothing human. It is built from 0 synthetic parts, an amalgam made up of the most advanced human prostheses - from limbs and artificial organs to a fully functional circulatory system that pumps artificial blood into an artificial heart. Frank's body is made up of 28 parts that incorporate 200 processors, 70 circuits, 26 motors and millions of sensors. Frank is 1.83 m tall and weighs 77 pounds. She has a real girl and practically has no skin. Bionic man is controlled by Bluetooth using a remote control.

The artificial heart, made by SynCardia Systems in Tucson, Arizona, was implanted in over 100 people to replace their sick heart from 6 to 12 months while they were waiting for a new heart to transplant. The circulatory system, built by researcher Alex Seifalian from University College London, consists of veins and arteries made of polymer used to create any synthetic organ. The "brain" of the bionic man can mimic certain functions of the human brain. Frank also has a retinal prosthesis, used to give a limited time vision to blind people. It also has sensors for speech recognition and use. The engineers equipped him with a very sophisticated "chatbot" program that allowed him to have an almost human conversation. "The only problem is that she has the voice of a 13-year-old boy from Ukraine," said Rich Walter, one of Frank's engineers.

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The first cyborg in the world successfully simulates about two-thirds of the human body, but it lacks important organs such as the liver, stomach and intestines, which are still too complex to be replicated in the laboratory. Frank was designed by Dr. Bertolt Meyer of the University of Zurich and built by a team of engineers in London. Robotics experts, Rich Walker and Matthew Godden, employees of Britain's Shadow Robot, led the team responsible for assembling Bionic Man from prosthetic parts and artificial organs donated by laboratories around the world. "Our job was to receive the package containing body parts, organs, limbs, eyes, and so on. "And, in a record six weeks, turn that pile of components into a bionic man," said Rich Walker. But the assembly was not that easy: "Normally, we put a prosthesis on a man who misses a part of his body. We did not have the man. I built a man in prostheses. "

Frank has cost about $ 1 million and has been modeled in some physical aspects to resemble his creator, psychologist Bertolt Meyer, who himself is "endowed" with one of Bionic's most advanced hands. "The purpose of the bionic man is not to replace man, but to provide the technology by which we can" repair "a corrupt man. We took all the prostheses and the existing artificial parts and formed a whole, "Meyer said at a press conference.

The bionic man raises some ethical and philosophical questions: Does creating something so similar to human being threatens the notion of man? To what extent is the "repair" of man acceptable? Is it wrong that only some people have access to these life-extension technologies? Will these technologies be an ethical war? Will the gap between rich and poor be increased? Are we able to choose who is entitled to a longer life? And most importantly, will the cyborg against the human race revolt? Kidding.

Frank, the Frankenstein abbreviation, was first introduced to Comic Con. from New York on October 10. At present, the Cyborg Pim is exposed at the Smithsonian Museum in Washington as part of the "The Incredible Man Bionic" exhibition.

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