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Plague - 20 things about "black death"



1. Black plague was one of the most devastating pandemics in history; killed between 75 and 200 million Europeans (between 25 and 60% of Europe's population) between 1347 and 1350;

2. Scientists believe the black plague was caused by Yersinia pestis bacteria;

3. The black plague was not the first to hit humanity, the history of this pandemic being quite difficult to reconstitute;

4. The Greek historian Tucidides recalls a plague that killed a third of the population of Athens in 430 BC;

5. "The Plague of Antonina" hit the Roman Empire in 165 AD; The Byzantine Empire was hit by two devastating epidemics: 541-542 and 588;

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6. Historians believe the black plague broke out in Central Asia around 1330 and reached Europe in 1347;

7. Plague virus has spread from rats to pots to land by means of purulent bacterial carriers;

8. Researchers have recently learned that bubonic plague would not have been transmitted from rats, but from human to human, suffering a mutation that made it more contagious and more dangerous;

9. Pulmonary form of the plague affected the lungs and was transmitted extremely easily by a simple cough or sneezing;

10. Besides being extremely contagious, the survival rate was very low, death occurred only 24 hours after the first symptoms appeared;

11. In the Middle Ages people were terrified by this plague, appealing to all kinds of practices against infestation: letters and coins sprinkled with vinegar, cleansing fires, homes sprinkled with perfumes and bloom;

12. Some people were wearing masks in the shape of a bird's head (the beak being filled with perfumes and spices, this was because of the prejudice that the plague was widespread by birds;

13. During the "Black Death," all dogs and cats were killed in London; this has only led to rat population growth and pandemic intensification;

14. In the fourteenth century people believed that the plague was caused by some infested air bags released by earthquakes or the unfavorable alignment of the planets Saturn, Jupiter and Mars on March 20, 1345;

15. At that time no one suspected the rats and fleas omnipresents;

16. Romania did not escape the plague, showing epidemics every decade between the sixteenth and nineteenth centuries; in 1576 Brasov dies around 7,000;

17. In 1576, Brasov dwelt around 7,000, and in 1738 there are 23 districts in Transylvania and about 40,000 people die; in the same year, 30,000 people die in Bucharest;

18. The most destructive epidemic in Romania takes place between 1812 and 1813 in Muntenia; approximately 90,000 people die; to 1830, the molars disappear from all the Romanian lands;

19. A third major epidemic began in China and India in the early 1890s and expanded to San Francisco, USA; it was only at that time that the true cause of the plague was discovered: the bacterium Yersinia pestis;

20. Plague continues to exist, and isolated cases are currently reported in Asia, Russia and South America; even so, in very few cases it is fatal;

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