50 things about the Second World War

1. World War II was a war that began in 1939 and ended in 1945; it was largely worn in Europe and Asia;

2. The war began on 1 September 1939 with the invasion of Poland by Nazi Germany and ended on September 2, 1945, with the surrender of Japan; some historians say World War II began on September 18, 1931, when Japan invaded Manchuria;

3. World War II was the most destructive war in the history of mankind; almost all countries of the world were involved and over 70 million people were killed, approx. 3% of the world's population at that time;

4. In the Second War, the first nuclear bomb was used, on August 6, 1945, in Hiroshima, and August 9, 1945, in Nagasaki;

5. World War II allies have launched 3.4 million tonnes of explosives, averaging 27,700 tonnes per month;

6. Russia and Japan have not yet signed a peace treaty; although nearly 70 years have passed since the end of the Second World War, Russia and Japan still have a dispute over the ownership of the southern Kuri islands;

7. World War II was the most costly war in history, costing over $ 1,000 billion, more than all other wars combined, without counting post-war reconstruction costs;

8. The first US soldier killed in the Second World War was killed by the Russians in 1940 in Finland;

9. 80% of the USSR men born in 1923 did not survive the Second World War;

10. Everyone killed in the Second World War, 3-4 were injured;

11. During the war, aircraft factories in the United States were designed to resemble small cities, not to become targets of bombing;

12. A cat managed to survive on three different ships in the Second World War, nicknamed "Unmatchable Sam";

13. In 1944, American scientists considered bombing volcanoes in Japan in order to provoke chain eruptions;

14. From 6 June 1944 to 8 May 1945, the Allies lost 200,000 soldiers and 550,000 were injured;

15. When the Allied Forces reached the Rhine, the first thing the soldiers did was to urinate in it; this was a universal gesture, made from the smallest soldier to Winston Churchill himself;

16. When the US Army landed in northern Africa, the equipments for three Coca-Cola bottlers were equiped with equipments;

17. Hitler executed 84 German generals;

18. Among the first people captured in Normandy were some Koreans; they had been captured by the Japanese and forced to fight for Japan, then by the Russians and forced to fight for Russia, then by the Germans and forced to fight for Germany; they were eventually captured by the US Army;

19. Most Waffen SS members were not Germans;

20. The only country to which Germany officially declared war was the United States;

21. After the Second World War, there was a radical change in the center of gravity of the world's power, from the states of Western Europe to the new superpowers, the US and the USSR;

22. Romania ranks fifth in the ranking of countries with the most victims, around 915,000; the first four positions were the USSR (29 million), Poland (6.3 million), Germany (5.69 million) and Yugoslavia (1.66 million);

23. In the Second World War, 67% of the total number of civilians exposed to war, compared to 5% in World War I, were killed;

24. Nearly 800,000 planes and 7.5 million land vehicles were used;

25. During the Holocaust, approximately 1.5 million children were killed, 1.2 million were Jews, and the rest were Roma;

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26. The word "nazi" is derived from a Bavarian word meaning "simple to mind";

27. In 1935, English engineer Robert Watson-Watt was working on a "ray of death" to destroy enemy airplanes by radio waves; "Radius" has evolved in the radar of today;

28. The Nazis killed nearly 12 million people, half of whom were Jews;

29. Many of these were subjects for the grotesque experiments of the Nazi scientists, led by Josef Mengele;

30. Josel Mengele, nicknamed "The Angel of Death," used over 3,000 twins for his genetic experiments, of which only 200 survived;

31. Between 1939 and 1945, the US national defense budget increased from $ 1.9 billion to $ 59.8 billion;

32. In 1941, a soldier wins $ 21 a month, and in 1942 $ 50 a month;

33. During the war, over 650,000 Jeeps, 300,000 planes, 89,000 tanks, 3 million machine guns and 7 million soldiers were manufactured;

34. Hitler bombed the Liverpool house of his nephew, William Hitler; later he enlisted in the American Navy to fight against Nazi Germany; he changed his name after the war;

35. The greatest battle involving tanks took place between the Nazis and the Soviets between 4 and 22 July 1943; more than 3,600 tanks were used;

36. If a third bombing of Japan was needed, the next bombing city would have been Tokyo;

37. In the 1930s, the US had an army of only 130,000 soldiers, smaller than that of Romania;

38. In 1938 Time magazine named Adolf Hitler the man of the year;

39. The most important medical discovery during the war was the blood transfusion, which saved thousands of soldiers;

40. The most important people of the Second World War were: US President Franklin Roosvelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, Chinese General Chiang Kai-Shek, USSR leader Joseph Stalin, Nazi Germany leader Adolf Hitler, the leader of fascist Italy, Benito Mussolini and the emperor Hirohito of Japan;

41. During the war, Japan bombed China with fleas infected with bubonic plague;

42. Over 2 million German women between the ages of 13 and 70 have been raped by the Red Army;

43. The current Queen of Great Britain, Elizabeth II, was a motor mechanic and driver during the Second World War;

44. The number of Chinese people killed by the Japanese is higher than that of Jews killed during the Holocaust;

45. 40% of the planes built by the Nazis collapsed due to technical failures;

46. ​​Japanese soldiers were trained for war since the age of nine;

47. The youngest soldier in the US Army was Calvin Graham; he was 12 years old when he enrolled, lying about his age;

48. From 1942 until the end of the war, listeners' intervention on US radio stations was forbidden; the government was afraid that spies would not send encrypted messages;

49. Svastica nazista was taken from Hindu culture, where it symbolized fertility and well-being;

50. Adolf Hitler and his concubine, Eva Braun, committed suicide by cyanide poisoning in the bunker of the German leader in Berlin on April 30, 1945;

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