32 things about Saturn

1. Saturn is the sixth planet from the Sun and the second largest in the Solar System, after Jupiter;

2. Like Jupiter, Uranus and Neptune, Saturn is a gaseous planet; it is composed largely of hydrogen (96%) and small helium proportions (3%) and other elements;

3. Saturn is about 95 times larger than Earth and has a volume of 763 times greater;

4. Saturn is the lowest density of all the planets of the Solar System, being the only one less dense than water;

5. The average distance between Saturn and the Sun is 1.426 million km;

6. One day lasts only 10.7 hours, and one on Saturn lasts 29.4 years;

7. Saturn's best known aspect is his ring system; in the early 1980s, Voyager probes discovered that Saturn's planetary rings are made up of ice, rock and dust particles, ranging in size from a few microns to a few feet;

8. The ring system extends hundreds of thousands of kilometers away from Saturn, but has an average thickness of only 10 meters; the Cassini-Huygens probe has discovered some ring formations that reach 3 km in thickness;

9. The rings are alphabetically named, in order of their discovery, A, B, C, D, E, F and G; they are relatively close together, except for the Cassini Division, a void of about 4,700 km between B and A rings;

10. Ring D was discovered in 2009 and is the thinnest and closest to Saturn; within it would come a billion Earths;

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11. The Cassini space probe, which was launched in 1997 and came close to Saturn in 2004, has shown that the particles that make up Saturn's rings are 3 billion years old;

12. Saturn has at least 62 natural satellites, of which 53 have official names;

13. Saturn's largest satellite, Titan, is larger than Mercury and the second largest natural satellite in the Solar System, after Ganymede, one of Jupiter's satellites;

14. Saturn is named after the Roman god Saturnus, the equivalent of Kronos, the father of Zeus; from the same name we also have the name of the Sabbath day;

15. The average Saturn temperature is -212 degrees Celsius;

16. Pioneer 11 is the first spacecraft to reach Saturn in 1979; it flew 22,000 km from the upper atmosphere;

Saturn's magnetic field is 578 times stronger than Earth's;

18. In the upper atmosphere, the winds can reach speeds of 1,800 km / h;

19. Saturn is the farthest visible planet on Earth with the naked eye;

20. Saturn was first observed in the telescope by Galileo Galilei in 1610;

21. The latest curiosity about Saturn is the Great Hexagon, a futuna located at the north pole of the planet; the hexagon has a length of about 25,000 km from one side to the other;

22. At the south pole, the Cassini probe discovered another strange storm, similar to a human eye;

23. Saturn has a solid core formed of iron and rocks surrounded by an external core composed of ammonia, methane and water;

Many astronomers consider Saturn to be the most beautiful planet; is also called "Solar System Jewelry";

25. Due to its low density, Saturn would float in the water;

26. Saturn was first observed by the Assyrians 2,700 years ago; they called the planet "Star of Ninib", the Asian god of spring;

27. Due to the axial inclination, Saturn has seasons; summer saturniana lasts about 8 years;

28. The pressure on Saturn is 100 times higher than on Earth; is so powerful that it liquefies the gas and would crush any spaceship;

29. On April 14, 2010, the Cassini probe captured the first images of lightning from Saturn;

30. Seen from Saturn, the Sun would appear to be 10 times smaller than on Earth;

31. The nearest moon orbits the planet in 12 hours, and the most distant in 3 years;

32. At the age of 14, due to alignment with the Earth, Saturn's rings seem to disappear.

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