30 things about Mars

1. Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun; is also called the Red Planet because of its reddish soils, rich in iron oxide;

2. It is the furthest planet from the Sun, the average distance from it is 240 million kilometers;

3. Mars has about 10% of the Earth's weight and an equatorial circumference of 21,344 km, about 53% of Earth's (40,075 km);

4. The name of the planet comes from the bloody Roman god of war, Mars;

5. Mars has two natural satellites, Phobos and Deimos; these are rocky blocks of irregular shape, most likely asteroids;

6. Mars performs complete rotation on its own orbit in Earth-like time, 24.6 hours, but a complete rotation around the sun (one year) lasts for 687 days;

7. Being farther from the Sun than the Earth, the temperatures on Mars are lower; they fall between -153 degrees, at the poles, and 20 degrees at the equator;

8. Because it has an axial inclination very close to that of the Earth (25.19 Mars, 26.27 Earth), Mars has seasons, just like our planet;

9. The Martian atmosphere is very thin and is formed largely of carbon dioxide (96%);

10. On Mars is the highest mountain in the Solar System, Olympus Mons, with an altitude of 26,000 m and a surface similar to that of Germany;

11. Here is also the largest canyon of the Solar System, Valles Marineris; it has a length of about 4,000 km and a maximum depth of 7 km;

12. So far there have been 39 missions to Mars, of which only 16 have been successful;

13. Two years ago, on November 26, 2011, NASA launched Mars the most expensive and complex rover in history, Curiosity, part of the mission "Mars Science Laboratory"; MSL landed on the Martian surface after 9 months on August 16, 2012;

14. Based on the evidence gathered since the beginning of the mission, in September 2013, the Curiosity rover discovered that Mars was drinking water;

15. Mars Phobos satellite is getting closer and closer to Mars; scientists believe that in the future it will collapse on the surface of the planet;

16. In the Martian fields there is ice, which becomes thicker in winter;

17. In 1996, while studying the Martian meteorite ALH 84001, they announced the possibility of the presence of fossilized microorganisms in the Martian rocks;

18. On Mars there are the most tumultuous sand storms in the Solar System;

19. Mercury is the only planet less than Mars;

20. The sun appears twice as small on Mars as on Earth;

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21. Vaile si canioanele planetei Marte sugereaza faptul ca a avut, candva, cantitati mari de apa;

22. Galileo Galilei a observat pentru prima data planeta Marte, in anul 1609;

23. Luna martie este numita dupa Marte;

24. Simbolul planetei Marte este acelasi cu simbolul sexului masculin, un cerc si o sageata;

25. Contrar parerii majoritatii oamenilor, cea mai apropiata planeta de Pamant este Venus, nu Marte;

26. Marte nu are un camp magnetic, ceea ce indica ca nu are un nucleu lichid, precum Pamantul;

27. Prima sonda spatiala care a ajuns cu succes pe orbita lui Marte a fost Mariner 4; aceasta a fost lansata de SUA in 1965, a calatorit 228 spre Marte si a trimis pe Pamant 22 de imagini ale Planetei Rosii;

28. In data de 27 august 2003, Marte s-a apropiat cel mai mult de Pamant in ultmii 60.000 ani;

29. Peste 200.000 de oameni din peste 140 de tari au aplicat pentru obtinerea unui tichet cu un singur sens catre Marte. Proiectul Mars One, cu un buget de 4 miliarde de dolari, planuieste ca pana in 2023 sa transporte oameni pe Marte, in vederea stabilirii primei colonii umane;

30. NASA si ESA (Agentia Spatiala Europeana) vor colabora in viitor pentru o misiune cu personal uman catre Marte;

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