22 things about Venus

1. Venus is the second planet from the Sun (108 million kilometers away) and the second most bright body of heaven at night, after the moon;

2. This planet was named after the Roman god of love and beauty, Venus;

3. Venus has a mass of 4.8685 x 1024 kg (81.5% of Earth's mass) and an Equator diameter of 12.104 km (638 km difference from Earth's); Venus is often considered Earth-sister planet because of its size and mass;

4. A day on Venus lasts for more than a year; the revolution movement around the Sun lasts for 225 days, while a complete rotation in its own orbit lasts for 243 days;

5. Venus's atmosphere is composed of carbon dioxide (96.5%) and nitrogen (3.5%); there are three layers of clouds that cause sulfuric acid rain;

6. Venus is the hottest planet in the Solar System, with temperatures up to 480 degrees Celsius;

7. Until now, Venus has been explored by more than 40 spacecraft; in the early 1990s, the Magellan spacecraft mapped 98% of the planet's surface; is the most explored planet in the Solar System except Earth;

8. Venus is the only planet in the Solar System that rotates clockwise;

9. Venus has no natural satellite;

10. The atmospheric pressure on Venus is 92 times higher than Earth's, being the highest in the Solar System;

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11. The first space probe sent to Venus was launched by Russia in 1961, but lost contact with the base; so did the first American probe, Mariner 1;

12. Venus is the only planet named after a woman;

13. In Antiquity it was thought that Venus is actually 2 stars, Vesper and Lucifer;

14. On the surface of Venus there are hundreds of volcanoes (most of the Solar System); some have such a large diameter that 5,000 km of lava torrents are formed, being the longest in the Solar System; it is not yet clear why these volcanoes are still active;

15. The longest mountain range, named Maxwell, is 870 km long and peaks reaching 11,300 m altitude;

16. Because it rotates very slowly, Venus has a magnetic field of 0.000015 times weaker than Earth's;

17. The terrestrial bark of Venus is 10 to 20 km thick and is largely made of basalt;

18. The Venus Express Space Launcher, launched by the European Space Agency in 2005, discovered in 2007 that the Venusian amphora has more lightning than Earth's;

19. Venera 1 was the first space probe to land on Venus on December 15, 1970;

20. Some geologists believe that Venus hosted water on its surface 300 million years ago, when the Sun began to emit more energy, which caused the water to evaporate;

21. Unlike Mercury, Mars and Moon, Venus does not have as many impact craters; this is explained by the great pressure in the atmosphere;

22. Because of the large masses of clouds, the Sun, Earth or other celestial bodies are not visible on Venus;

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