18.2 Things About Psychopaths

Psychopaths are everywhere. Seriously. I am even everywhere, on TV, in movies, at school, at work, on the street, or just by your side on the bus. According to studies, between 3 and 5% of people may have psychopathic tendencies. No, that does not mean that all are criminals or serial killers, but they can still be dangerous. Before you panic about the possibility that Hannibal Lecter will watch you on every corner, here are some interesting things about psychopaths:

1. Psychopathy is generally defined as a personality disorder characterized by engaging in anti-social behaviors, low empathy and low control over one's own behavior;

2. In general, the main emotion of a psychopath is contempt and contempt for others; this is masked by sociability and charism, and it is very well expressed verbally; moreover, as a result of studies, psychopaths seem to have an above average intelligence coefficient, being excellent supporters of their own views and possessors of impeccable logic;

3. Psychopaths do not feel afraid; due to an amygdala dysfunction (the amygdala body - not to be confused with the tonsils around the little man); the amygdala of psychopaths is much smaller and thinner than the amygdala of a normal person, the consequence being that psychopaths are incapable of feeling afraid;

4. Although the term "psychopath" is often used, especially in the judicial sphere and in the press, psychopathy is not a psychiatric or psychological disorder, but is now recognized as a subcategory (or extension) of the antisocial personality syndrome;

5. The most common detection method is the rapidly revised Psychopath Recognition Test (PCL-R) - an inventor of 20 personalized features and traits and recorded behaviors; developed by researcher Robert D. Hâre in the 1970s, the test is administered in a semi-structured interview format and works on a point-based system based on certain behaviors; the subject is assigned a score between 0 and 40 (0 - minimum psychopathy, 40 - maximum psychopathy); the "psychopath" label starts at 25 points in the UK and from 30 in the United States;

6. Sociopaths and psychopaths are not the same; although both conditions are based on a lack of good or bad sense and low empathy, the sociopath has a conscience, not a psychopath; another important difference is that the sociopath can be impulsive, leaving the others to observe their lack of empathy, while the psychopath will always be masked by intelligent and charming behavior, mimicking very well the emotions you do not I can feel them;

7. In general, the psychopath has a special charm and is very attractive; it is very sexual, sadistic in the main, and very clean; he also likes the fun and adventure;

8. Psychopaths are almost always associated with violence, especially murder; the most important features of a psychopath do not revolve around violence, but around the lack of empathy, selfishness and manipulation; not all use these "abilities" to commit crimes, many of whom are successful business people because of their ruthless nature;

9. Among the professions you can meet most psychopaths include: journalists, lawyers, surgeons, salespeople, chefs, policemen, civil servants, clergy and company presidents;

10. Psychopaths have a sense of personal grandeur; they think they are very intelligent and powerful, often with unrealistic goals; In this sense, the personality of the psychopath is similar to that of the narcissist;

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11. Often a psychopath has a juvenile history; most of them suffer from childhood behavioral disorders; cruelty to animals, non-compliance, physical aggression, and arson are indicators of a psychopathic personality in adult life;

12. They realize from childhood that they are different, so they make a mistake on the surrounding world; I often think that each individual plays a role, as a result will become very good in the art of dissimulation;

13. State presidents and psychopaths have something in common; using a work called "Personality, Character and Leadership at the White House," researchers at Emory University in Georgia analyzed the personalities of all US presidents, from George Washington to George W. Bush; some of them have displayed a "fearless dominance" (FD) without any fear of consequences - especially in comparison with the general population; FD is the lack of fear and the refusal to give back to a dangerous situation; FD also includes the ability to manipulate people, a very important political tool; Among the presidents with the highest score of FD are Teddy Roosevelt, J.F. Kennedy, Ronald Reagan, Bill Clinton and George W. Bush;

14. Psychopaths like everything they can make them feel a wave of danger; for this reason often resort to crimes, including crime; at the opposite end, many people become anxious in the face of stress while psychopaths do not feel it at all;

15. Psychopaths are much less seldom than the rest of the people and often look fixed; they are often perceived as fascinating by sight;

16. Many of the studies done on psychopaths were conducted in US prisons; this has promoted the image of the psychopath as a murderer, an idea embraced and distributed by Hollywood movies; however, most psychopaths are not locked up, but walk freely among us;

17. Psychopaths are social predators; they will always choose the easiest way in life, they will feel justified in material rewards, success in life or sexual pleasure, things they get through manipulation, lies and threats;

18. The psychopath has a dark vision of the world and people; they are convinced that all people are evil, they lack the sense of humor and can not understand abstract thinking; even if some of the smarter psychopaths can understand a joke, they do not think it funny, but they can even take it seriously;

18.1 Ironically, psychopaths can be extremely entertaining due to their charmed personality (see Hannibal Lecter, Dexter Morgan, etc.) and the strong feelings that ordinary people can bring to us;

18.2 Although the psychopathy is regarded as harmful and dangerous, reality shows that many of them are perfectly integrated into society, occupy important positions, do not have a violent history and even make an important contribution to the development of humanity.

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