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    Thursday, November 30, 2017

    The 5 largest volcanoes in the world


    This list of volcanoes is based primarily on the volume of each volcano, and not at altitude. For this reason, the largest volcano in the world is precisely the Massif Tamu, located at the bottom of the Pacific Ocean. But this volcano has a height of only about 4460 meters, which is much inferior to the Hawaiian volcano Mauna Loa, whose height is about 9170 meters above the level.

    Great volcanoes of the world

    The Tammu massif is the largest underwater volcano

    Volume: 2.5 million cubic kilometers

    This volcano was discovered very recently in September 2013. Why did not anyone find it before?

    A huge volcano is at a depth of about 1,600 km east of Japan. It is part of an underwater elevation known as the Shatsky Upland. Only 20 years later, scientists realized that Tammu is a separate volcano. This is an extinct volcano, and its last eruption was about 144 million years ago. It should also be noted that it is not only the largest volcano on Earth, but also one of the largest in our solar system.

    Mauna Loa

    Volume: 75,000 cubic kilometers

    This active shield volcano can be seen on the island of Hawaii. He is referred to a group of megavolcans. It should be noted that it is the second largest volcano on Earth. This oceanic volcano is one of five volcanoes in Hawaii, and the most recent eruption was recorded in 1984. Over the past 177 years, the Mauna Loa volcano erupted 33 times. According to geologists, Hawaii appeared on the map of the Earth due to lava, which began to emerge from the bottom of the Pacific about 1 million years ago. Here you can learn more about the Mauna Loa volcano.

    Kilimanjaro

    Volume: 4,800 cubic kilometers

    The majestic Kilimanjaro volcano is the most famous volcano in Africa. The sleeping giant consists of three volcanoes, towering above Tanzania and Kenya. Unlike many of the large volcanoes on this list, Kilimanjaro is an active stratovolcano. The last time it erupted occurred 360,000 years ago, but relatively recently, scientists came to the conclusion that under a small crater located 400 meters from the main peak of the volcano - Kibo, there is molten lava.

    Sierra Negra

    Volume: 580 cubic kilometers

    This thyroid volcano is located on the island of Isabela (Galapagos Islands). It is active and boasts the second largest crater on Earth, whose diameter is 11 kilometers. The Sierra Negra rises to a height of 1,124 meters above sea level, and its last eruption was recorded in October 2005, when an ash column 7.5 km high was thrown out. It is worth noting that, like Mauna Loa, Sierra Negra is one of the volcanoes that participated in the creation of Isabela, the largest island in the Galapagos Islands.

    Ichinskaya Sopka - active volcano of Russia

    Volume: 450 cubic kilometers

    This stratovolcano is located in the central part of the Kamchatka Peninsula. Being one of the 29 active volcanoes of the peninsula, it is the largest. Over the past 10,000 years, the volcano has thrown fragments of lava and ash 15 km from the cone of Ichinskaya Sopka. Signs of mudflow, dangerous mudflows from melted ice, snow and volcanic eruption also fill the space under a beautiful but deadly volcano.
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    Item Reviewed: The 5 largest volcanoes in the world Rating: 5 Reviewed By: Bhaskar Banerjee
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