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    Wednesday, March 22, 2017

    India ranked 131st among 188 countries on Human Development Index

    India ranked 131st among 188 countries on the 2016 Human Development Index (HDI) published by the United Nations Development Program (UNDP).

    India is classified as "medium human development" and its HDI at 0.624 was behind Sri Lanka and the Maldives in South Asia.

    Sri Lanka and the Maldives were ranked 73 and 105, respectively, and are included in the "High Human Development" section.

    India was placed behind countries like Gabon (109), Egypt (111), Indonesia (113), South Africa (119) and Iraq (121) among others. The report lists a total of 188 countries.

    China is in the 90th place. Bhutan is at 132, Bangladesh 139, Nepal 144 and Pakistan at 147.

    Designed and launched in 1990, the HDI is a statistic that ranks countries in four levels of human development on the basis of indicators such as life expectancy, education and per capita income.

    Longer life, higher education and higher per capita GDP result in a country with higher HDI.

    The three main countries of the HDI were Norway (0.949), Australia (0.939) and Switzerland (0.939).

    "Identifying those who have been left out of progress in human development and mapping their locations are essential for meaningful advocacy and effective policy," the report said.

    "This mapping can help development activists demand measures and guide decision-makers in formulating and implementing policies to improve the welfare of marginalized and vulnerable populations," he added.

    According to the report, gender equality and the empowerment of women are fundamental dimensions of human development.

    However, women in the world have lower HDI than men, despite higher life expectancy at birth, the report says.

    The South Asia Gender Development Index (GDI) is the lowest.

    GDI takes into account the disparity between the HDI of men and women - the higher the disparity, the lower the DLI.

    India's IDD is 0.819, compared to the developing country average of 0.913.

    The UNDP report stated that sustainable development goals, which are essential in themselves, were also crucial for human development and helped them realize their full potential in life.

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    Item Reviewed: India ranked 131st among 188 countries on Human Development Index Rating: 5 Reviewed By: Bhaskar Banerjee
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